News media are an institution where ritualized journalistic practices govern the production of news content. This study analyzes those practices in a new realm, online video, to assess whether this form of video journalism deviates from traditional standards. A content analysis of 882 videos on YouTube reveals that most news videos adhere to traditional production practices (e.g., editing techniques, audio quality), but break from common content standards (e.g., use of sources, fairness). We find that these more relaxed content practices are rewarded with a higher number of views, while adherence to traditional production practices does not predict popularity. Interestingly, online videos that are repurposed from broadcast platforms experience the greatest spike in viewership when breaking from those standards, suggesting that such deviations in traditional television news are especially valued by audiences. We discuss these results in the context of the possibility of a new set of institutionalized practices and address implications for the current and future state of journalism.
This site contains anarchist and other videos from around the world. These videos may not necessarly refect the projects and tactics of anarchists in your neighborhood.
The Pathé News company produced newsreels on events and places both important and strange for the greater part of the 20th century. That footage is now housed in the British Pathé archive, a collection of 85,000 historic films spanning the years 1896 to 1976. [A couple of weeks ago], British Pathé announced that it had uploaded its entire collection to YouTube, making for a widely available trove of historic footage and a fascinatingly nerdy way to spend Friday afternoon.
It appears that this story was misreported by a few sources, and the fans were flamed by UK government comments about censoring videos. Youtube has as program that lets trusted sources more easily flag videos that are then reviewed fairly quickly by YouTube staff. However, these videos still get reviewed to see if they violate any of YouTube’s terms of service, rather than automatically pulled down. It’s still concerning that the UK government seems to think that it should censor content that even they believe is not legal, but it doesn’t appear that YouTube is actually letting the UK government censor videos.
In the absence of protest workshops and ‘how-to’ manuals, video footage captured on mobile phones in Kiev (and elsewhere) and uploaded to social media sites now serves as a repository for protest tactics, to be studied and adapted by anti-coup protesters thousands of miles away in Cairo. These instances of unsentimental appropriation mark an interesting departure from previous patterns of resource sharing and border-crossing diffusion of protest tactics, patterns which saw Egyptian activists cultivate a series of formative linkages with pro-democracy movements such as Serbia’s Otpor movement in the years before the Jan. 25 revolution.