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In brief, the com­plex­ity cre­ated by a patch­work of dif­fer­ent national rules and the fact that in each coun­try the media mar­ket and/or the pub­lic ser­vice media are com­ing under increas­ing polit­i­cal pres­sure dis­cour­ages com­pa­nies from enter­ing new mar­kets, in par­tic­u­lar where sub­jects hold­ing shares in a media under­tak­ing also play a sig­nif­i­cant role in the polit­i­cal arena. This jus­ti­fies the full com­pe­tence of the Union to take action through an approx­i­ma­tion of national laws (arts. 26, 50 and 114 of the Treaty on the Func­tion­ing of the Euro­pean Union). As a gen­eral rule, in shap­ing these new pro­vi­sions, the Union is required to uphold the high­est pro­tec­tion to fun­da­men­tal rights as guar­an­teed by the EU legal order, in par­tic­u­lar the free­dom of infor­ma­tion as enshrined in Arti­cle 11 of the Charter.
For the above-mentioned rea­sons, the sig­na­to­ries of this ini­tia­tive believe that the har­mon­i­sa­tion of rules on pro%C

As it is the job of the FRA to ensure that EU member states are living up to the guarantees of the fundamental rights and freedoms provided by the Charter of Fundamental Rights, it is crucial to this body that Hungary promote media plurality to avoid disciplinary action by the European Court of Human Rights, and thus maintain Hungarian sovereignty. If Hungary acts now, it can rectify the situation before potentially costly restrictions are imposed upon the nation by the institutions of the European community. Should Hungary seek to improve its record regarding freedom of expression, there are three steps that the nation can take. First, Hungary can seek the technical assistance of the international community to strengthen this fundamental right. Second, Hungary can work to develop separate media regulatory institutions, each with limited mandates over a specific area of the media industry. Finally, Hungary can reconsider previous legislation that the nation still supports, which offers greater protections for the media.

… is it too idealistic to think that pan-European media will ever be possible? For one thing, what about the language barriers between different European countries? We had the chance to interview several MEPs on this issue at the Pan-European Forum on Media Pluralism and New Media in Brussels, and we put some of your questions and comments to them…

Do we need pan-European media?

Debating Europe asks a few MEPs about media and pluralism in Europe.

India’s growing profile on the global scene owes much to the vibrancy of its cultural and creative industries, media and telecommunications. This article analyses India’s media in terms of four ‘dividends’ (and their corresponding deposits): democractic, diasporic, digital and demographic. Although the deficits produce considerable challenges, the dividends are stronger and the author is optimistic about India’s capacity for development and ability to lead to globalisation with an Indian flavour. He reflects on India’s potential contribution to international media studies, especially in relation to liberal pluralism, representation of Islam and discourses about development.

Mr Rabbitte said the legislation would make it clear that the public interest would have a higher priority with respect to mergers in the media than in other areas of business.“Diversity of content and diversity of ownership is more important in the media than in other enterprises because it has an impact on the quality of our democracy. I am confident that the Bill will have regard to these principles,” said Mr Rabbitte.He said aspects of the legislation relating to the media would rely heavily on the principles contained in the report of the advisory group on media mergers, which was presented to the former government in 2009.The chairman of this group was senior counsel Paul Sreenan and its recommendations have become known as the “Sreenan principles”. One of those principles is that there should be a statutory definition of media plurality, which would deal with the issues of ownership and content. A statutory test to be applied by the Minister in relation to media mergers will be included in the Bill.Another of the Sreenan principles was that there should be an ongoing collection and publication of information on media plurality as well as a system of notification of media mergers to the Minister for clearance.