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Historically, news organizations have sought to protect themselves from the vagaries of economics and third-party suppliers by investing considerably in both production and distribution infrastructure, says Michael Stamm, an associate professor in history and journalism at Michigan State University. Stamm is currently writing a book about the history of the Tribune Company, which in the early 20th century even built its own paper mills to protect against price fluctuations in the paper market. “Paper prices went up really dramatically during World War I,” Stamm says. “There were companies that were basically pushed out of business because they couldn’t afford to print the paper and make money doing it.” Just because digital news operations no longer need a physical plant to get started doesn’t mean they don’t need to be concerned about their distribution infrastructure, says Stamm. “In some ways,” he says, “bandwidth is now what paper used to be.”

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Bertelsmann has direct stakes in three Indian online companies: online commerce platform Pepperfry, real estate portal Indiaproperty and Authorgen Technologies, which operates the online education platform Wiziq.com.
“Expanding our business in India is an important part of Bertelsmann’s growth strategy,” said Shobhna Mohn, executive vp emerging markets at Bertelsmann. “We now have holdings, with three partners, in renowned funds in India that focus on the digital or education sectors, which are important to our strategy. We are also and simultaneously investing directly in selected companies that are of strategic relevance for us.”

German Media Giant Bertelsmann Backs Indian Start-Up Fund

I know this is from June – it’s been open as a tab on my browser for months…

This is when the Marconi Company decided it was not enough to have a 1kW transmitter each in Calcutta and Bombay. These transmitters were small and away from the government’s sight. If the government were to spend money on installing a stronger one in Delhi, its hands would thereafter be tied and it would not speak of shutting down the radio ever again.

So Marconi wheeled and dealed to get the government to install a 20kW transmitter in Delhi. They also went to Peshawar and installed a 10kW transmitter there at their own expense, telling the Frontier government that it was very important for its voice to reach the tribes and it could experiment with the transmitter for free; if the experiment worked, they could pay for it, otherwise Marconi would just take the transmitter back.

The central government was unsure which ministry to make responsible for radio. It fit neither into the Public Works Department nor into Irrigation. After much consideration, this hopeless and helpless department was handed over to the Post Office.

The fund aims to foster media pluralism, public voice and civil society participation in the media and to strengthen, through community media, the voices of women, youth, remote and rural communities, and marginalised groups. The Aswatona Fund will offer grants for five types of action: exchanges of experience and good practice; audience development and sustainability; cultural and social action media; promotion of media policy dialogue; and network development and solidarity.