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Even without such clarifying collisions with its raw, unadorned progenitors in the real world, Kiš’s prose at its best creates a nimbus of the ideal – it is generated, exhaled, by the perfection of his style – which he sets against the dark materials of his novels and stories. One source of the impulse to write about Kiš was my fascination with the effects he achieved by working out his unflinching themes in such wrought and artful language. To write a biography of so transparently autobiographical a writer could seem an odd undertaking: a painstaking labour to decipher what is perfectly obvious or, even worse, irrelevant. For Kiš is the opposite of those writers who disguise the real-life originals of characters or events in their fiction—and whose biographers can therefore usefully, or at least amusingly, detect and map the connections. The interest, for Kiš and for his readers, was not who underlay his characters, but how they were changed by being “transposed” (a key verb in his critical vocabulary) into fiction. Asked about the resemblances between the family in his novel Garden, Ashes and his own family, Kiš said “I am convinced that it is me, that it’s my father, my mother, my sister—that they are us as we should have been” if history had not crushed them. The candour of that statement, with none of the coyness or showing-off that mar most interviews with writers, was characteristic.

Danilo Kiš and the soda siphon – by my Open Society Media Program colleague Mark Thompson, on his recent biography of Kiš, Birth Certificate.
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Dunja Mijatović, the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, today warned that the lawsuit initiated by the official Hungarian News Agency against journalist György Balavany can constrain media pluralism on the Internet.
“I am concerned that the Hungarian News Agency filed a lawsuit against the journalist simply because he published critical blogs,” Mijatović said. “Freedom of expression is an essential element of any democracy, and it is not limited to statements acceptable to all.

Dunja Mijatović, the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media, today warned that the lawsuit initiated by the official Hungarian News Agency against journalist György Balavany can constrain media pluralism on the Internet.
“I am concerned that the Hungarian News Agency filed a lawsuit against the journalist simply because he published critical blogs,” Mijatović said. “Freedom of expression is an essential element of any democracy, and it is not limited to statements acceptable to all.”

The emblematic case of Hungary, shows how the lack of clear definitions and guidelines for community media can lead to confusion and a non genuine pluralistic media landscape, which should be based on the presence of all, public, commercial and community media broadcasters. In many countries of Central and East Europe, the community media sector is completely inexistent , while in some others restrictions and unclear regulations are limiting its development. Next to the lack of specific laws, there is also a lack of underlying regulations regarding CM. The existence of transparent processes and evaluation criteria to award and manage CM’s access to radio spectrum, for example, varies throughout the EU and while some Member State’s take directly CM into account in their regulatory framework (eg: Slovenia), most media regulators in Central and East Europe have not yet implemented processes to distinguish a CM service from a local commercial media broadcaster.

AMARC meeting in Budapest (12/13 Nov 2012) – Public Policies and Media, and the Future of Community Radio in Central and Eastern Europe

The emblematic case of Hungary, shows how the lack of clear definitions and guidelines for community media can lead to confusion and a non genuine pluralistic media landscape, which should be based on the presence of all, public, commercial and community media broadcasters. In many countries of Central and East Europe, the community media sector is completely inexistent , while in some others restrictions and unclear regulations are limiting its development. Next to the lack of specific laws, there is also a lack of underlying regulations regarding CM. The existence of transparent processes and evaluation criteria to award and manage CM’s access to radio spectrum, for example, varies throughout the EU and while some Member State’s take directly CM into account in their regulatory framework (eg: Slovenia), most media regulators in Central and East Europe have not yet implemented processes to distinguish a CM service from a local commercial media broadcaster.

AMARC meeting in Budapest (12/13 Nov 2012) – Public Policies and Media, and the Future of Community Radio in Central and Eastern Europe