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This study revisits the recent history of new protest movements in India. It analyses their causes and actors, their dynamics and forms of action, and their supporters and critics. When it comes to new protest movements, India obviously does not stand alone; but different especially from the ‘Arab Spring’, new protest movements in India operate in a functioning democracy. They do not want to tear down an
authoritarian regime, but to bring into the political arena issues that have either been neglected or not found adequate representation. They do so by mobilising groups of people who have not been involved in politics before, many of them urban, young, and belonging to India’s ‘new middle class’—however imprecise or even inadequate that latter term may appear. By doing all this, the new protest movements renew and revitalise Indian democracy.

Senegal President Macky Sall will chair a heads of state roundtable at this year’s African Media Leaders Forum (AMLF) to be held in Dakar on November 8-9.

It was not immediately clear how many heads of state were expected to participate in the roundtable but a conservative number of four was offered.

Another innovation this year is a public debate on “Media and Citizenship” organised in partnership with the Council for the Development of Social Sciences in Africa (CODESRIA) at the Cheikh Anta Diop University on November 7.

Organisers said the debate would act as an important curtain raiser to AMLF 2012 with the aim of engaging the public and linking them to this year’s forum theme, Africa 3.0: Strengthening Media and Governance through Citizens’ Engagement and Innovation.

Senegal President Macky Sall will chair a heads of state roundtable at this year’s African Media Leaders Forum (AMLF) to be held in Dakar on November 8-9.

It was not immediately clear how many heads of state were expected to participate in the roundtable but a conservative number of four was offered.

Another innovation this year is a public debate on “Media and Citizenship” organised in partnership with the Council for the Development of Social Sciences in Africa (CODESRIA) at the Cheikh Anta Diop University on November 7.

Organisers said the debate would act as an important curtain raiser to AMLF 2012 with the aim of engaging the public and linking them to this year’s forum theme, Africa 3.0: Strengthening Media and Governance through Citizens’ Engagement and Innovation.

The aim of this paper is to systematize existing research on media reporting related to various aspects of citizenship, and to contribute with a primary analysis of media content, in order to define how the leading print media in four states (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia) reported on these issues. After establishing the profile of each state, this paper provides a profile of the analysed media, followed by a short summary of how these media reported on selected citizenship-related issues and topics. The main trends in media reporting were analysed within an interdisciplinary theoretical framework that includes the selected approaches / theories in media and communication studies, but also the studies on citizenship. The main assumption is that the mass media in the states under scrutiny, while reporting on citizenship-related issues, have mostly legitimized governments in determining their citizenship policies. Only in Montenegro and, to some extent, in Croatia, when it comes to external voting, have oppositional media outlets continuously criticized the “official” citizenship policies, while in other states the leading media discourses lack a polemical and critical stance towards citizenship-related issues.

The aim of this paper is to systematize existing research on media reporting related to various aspects of citizenship, and to contribute with a primary analysis of media content, in order to define how the leading print media in four states (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia) reported on these issues. After establishing the profile of each state, this paper provides a profile of the analysed media, followed by a short summary of how these media reported on selected citizenship-related issues and topics. The main trends in media reporting were analysed within an interdisciplinary theoretical framework that includes the selected approaches / theories in media and communication studies, but also the studies on citizenship. The main assumption is that the mass media in the states under scrutiny, while reporting on citizenship-related issues, have mostly legitimized governments in determining their citizenship policies. Only in Montenegro and, to some extent, in Croatia, when it comes to external voting, have oppositional media outlets continuously criticized the “official” citizenship policies, while in other states the leading media discourses lack a polemical and critical stance towards citizenship-related issues.